Low maintenance landscaping allows you to have a beautiful yard without putting in hours of hard work each week. By using low maintenance perennials you can design a low maintenance garden that will provide your landscape with beauty and function for years to come.
Start by planting low maintenance plants that are suited to your particular landscape and growing climate. Select plants that require minimal pruning, dead-heading, separating and clean-up that grows well in your climate. For example, a slow-growing conifer will require less of your time and energy than an oak tree, and perennials require less planting effort than annuals. Opt for the easiest to maintain trees, flowers and shrubs to meet the landscape needs you have.
Every landscape has its own variety of micro-climates. One section of your yard may be shady all the time while the another section may be in full sun and remain dry all the time. Select plants that do their best in each micro-climate for easy-care. Plant drought tolerant plants in the sunny, dry soil and shade-loving plants in shady areas and the plants will be right at home with little effort on your part.
Always select plants that do well in your particular growing zone for easy-care. A tropical plant, like a bird-of-paradise, will require much less hands-on care in Florida than it will in New York. Plants that are native to your growing zone will be the most easy care plants and require the least of all maintenance.
Low Water Plant Choices
1. Blue Flax
This is a short living perennial and each plant produces a small blue flower for one day. It grows well in most regions, but it prefers to be planted in full sun and under low water conditions.
Cosmos is colorful and fragrant and makes a visual impact with their height and bold colors. It loves full sun, low water and spread quickly.
3. Fever Few
This scented herb is a white flowering and has many medicinal uses when harvested. It wants low water and you should plant it around outdoor eating areas to help keep insects away.
4. Morning Glory
Morning Glory will climb on most any vertical surface and produce new flowers each morning. Its vine grows best in poor soil with very little water.
5. Johnny Jump Ups
This is a low growing, self-seeding beauty that produces tri-colored blooms and is striking when planted en-masse.
6. Crepe Myrtles
Crepe Myrtles are drought tolerant, shade-providing, and blooming plants. You should prune to any size or plant it and forget about it and the shrub will reach a mature height of 20 feet. In late summer colorful crepe-like blooms will appear.
Sandy Soil Choices
7. Beach Sunflower
This flower is often seen growing on sand dunes and can grow upright or lay down. It’s self-seeding and requires no care.
This one grows best in sandy soil and light shade. It reaches a mature height of 6 feet, bearing clusters of purple berries from late summer through fall.
This flowering plant is a tall growing bush that bears nectar-rich red blooms all summer when planted in full sun and sandy soil.
10. Golden Aster
This one looks similar to the yellow daisy and loves sandy soil and full sun. It produces long-lasting yellow blooms on 2 feet tall plants.
11. Trumpet Honeysuckle
This twining vine loves the sun and sand. The vine produces clusters of red, tube-shaped flowers in the spring.
Shade Loving Plants
Hostas plant enjoys a secluded shady spot and grows into a 2 x 2 feet mound of broad green leaves. Hostas grown in heavy shade will rarely bloom, but if the plant receives a little sunlight it may send up a few spikes and produce some tiny purple blooms.
13. Lady Ferns
These plants grow well in heavy shade where the soil remains moist. They produce delicate-looking, deciduous fronds on plants that can grow up to 3 feet across.
14. Japanese Spurge
Japanese spurge is an evergreen perennial that produces tiny white flowers in spring.
Ginger plant has culinary uses and grows well in heavy shade. From ginger root, you can make tea, season foods and make homemade natural and healthy remedies.